Patents & Licenses

Many BDSC stocks contain patented components. Some are listed below, but this list is not exhaustive. Most patent owners permit unrestricted use of their materials for nonprofit research only but some require licenses for any use. We provide notification of licensing requirements when stipulated by distribution agreements, but lack of notification should not be construed as a lack of licensing requirements for for-profit research. It is the recipient's responsibility to obtain any necessary licenses from the patent holder for commercial work with these stocks.

We will provide contact information for recipients of specific stocks with patented components to patent holders requiring use licenses. This information will provided only upon prior arrangement with the patent holder and only when recipients are notified of the licensing requirement during the ordering process.

The U.S. Patent and Trademark Office (PTO) offers a searchable full-text database of U.S. patents issued since January 1, 1976. Use the PTO search page to find many patents related to Drosophila. FlyBase also includes Drosophila patents in its references, but only the citation is available from FlyBase.

Report of the National Institutes of Health (NIH) Working Group on Research Tools
Patents and Licenses of Particular Relevance to Drosophila Researchers

  • United States Patent Number 11,366,114, Genetically encoded fluorescent sensors for detecting ligand bias and intracellular signaling through cAMP pathways
  • European Patent Number EP3065754B1, Genetically encoded fluorescent sensors for detecting ligand bias and intracellular signaling through cAMP pathways

United States Patent Number 8,697,359, CRISPR-Cas systems and methods for altering expression of gene products

  • Any use of Exelixis, Inc. stocks for commercial research requires a separate use license.  Please visit this page for licensing information.

United States Patent Number 5,641,673, Cell ablation using trans-splicing ribozymes

  • United States Patent Number 5,491,084, Uses of green-fluorescent protein
  • United States Patent Number 5,541,309, Modified apoaequorin having increased bioluminescent activity
  • United States Patent Number 5,804,387, FACS-optimized mutants of the green fluorescent protein

United States Patent Application Number 20110111445, Peptide for determining actin structures in living cells

United States Patent Number 5,348,8745,840,8656,159,7176,469,228, Eukaryotic transposable element

  • United States Patent Number 7,105,343, Methods and compositions for transposition using minimal segments of the eukaryotic transformation vector Piggybac
  • United States Patent Number 7,129,083PiggyBac transformation system

United States Patent Number 6,124,128, Long wavelength engineered fluorescent proteins

United States Patent Number 4,670,388, Method of incorporating DNA into genome of Drosophila